A second helpful document has been published on Kashmir by the European Parliament’s Research Service in their briefing papers ”At a glance”.
This document provides an excellent overview of the current situation in Kashmir emphasizing the militarization of Indian-administred Kashmir & outlining the issues that have been vividly described in the two reports (2018 & 2019) of the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights.
This outline is essential reading.
“On 5 and 6 August 2019, the Indian Parliament approved the withdrawal of Article 370 of the Constitution, which had guaranteed Jammu and Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state, a high degree of autonomy. It also decided to split Jammu and Kashmir into two territories, both administered directly from Delhi. Meanwhile, the government deployed 46 000 troops, arrested regional political leaders and thousands of activists, suspended internet and communications across the valley, and shut down schools and colleges.”
The full document can be found here: Indian-Administered Kashmir: current situation